Table 2

Sex differences in applications, offers and acceptances across all specialties and in the nine largest specialties (32% of doctors applied to multiple specialties)

% applied
(women, men)
Unadjusted odds woman applied
(95% CI)
Adjusted odds woman applied
(95% CI)
% offered
(women, men)
Unadjusted odds woman offered
(95% CI)
Adjusted odds woman offered
(95% CI)
% accepted (women, men)Unadjusted odds woman accepted (95% CI)Adjusted odds woman accepted (95% CI)
All specialties72.3 (72.0, 72.7)0.97 (0.40 to 2.30)0.94 (0.85 to 1.03)81.3 (83.5, 78.3) 1.40 (1.25 to 1.58)** 1.31 (1.16 to 1.48)** 90.8 (92.1, 88.7) 1.54 (1.30 to 1.84)** 1.47 (1.23 to 1.77)**
ACCS EM5.8 (5.0, 6.9) 0.71 (0.68 to 0.74)** 0.69 (0.57 to 0.85)** 72.2 (74.8, 69.7)1.29 (0.85 to 1.96)1.50 (0.94 to 2.39)67.4 (73.5, 60.8) 1.79 (1.11 to 2.87)*1.57 (0.92 to 2.70)
Clinical radiology3.8 (3.0, 5.0) 0.58 (0.46 to 0.73)** 0.63 (0.49 to 0.85)** 49.5 (46.6, 51.9)0.81 (0.51 to 1.28)0.71 (0.41 to 1.21)63.2 (67.2, 60.2)1.35 (0.68 to 2.70)1.77 (0.77 to 4.09)
Core anaesthetics12.0 (10.1, 14.7) 0.65 (0.57 to 0.75)** 0.57 (0.49 to 0.85)** 66.5 (69.2, 64.0)1.27 (0.96 to 1.67)1.06 (0.81 to 1.50)76.1 (75.2, 77.0)0.90 (0.62 to 1.31)0.90 (0.60 to 1.35)
Core medical29.9 (29.9 to 29.8)1.00 (0.91 to 1.11)1.01 (0.91 to 1.12)72.9 (73.5, 72.1)1.07 (0.89 to 1.29)1.08 (0.89 to 1.32)75.5 (75.2, 76.0)0.95 (0.76 to 1.29)1.01 (0.80 to 1.28)
Core psychiatry5.3 (4.9, 5.8)0.85 (0.69 to 1.04)1.00 (0.819 to 1.24)77.7 (80.4, 74.6)1.39 (0.87 to 2.23)1.70 (0.99 to 2.95)75.7 (73.3, 78.3)0.76 (0.45 to 1.29)0.97 (0.54 to 1.73)
Core surgical13.8 (8.8, 20.8) 0.37 (0.32 to 0.42)** 0.38 (0.33 to 0.44)** 64.9 (64.8, 65.1)0.99 (0.76 to 1.28)1.05 (0.78 to 1.40)77.1 (80.3, 75.3)1.34 (0.92 to 1.96)1.25 (0.82 to 1.87)
GP43.4 (47.5, 37.5) 1.51 (1.38 to 1.66)** 1.53 (1.39 to 1.69)** 74.5 (76.9, 70.2) 1.42 (1.21 to 1.66)** 1.23 (1.03 to 1.46)* 87.1 (88.3, 84.9) 1.34 (1.05 to 1.70)* 1.37 (1.05 to 1.79)*
O&G4.8 (7.0, 1.7) 4.33 (3.24 to 5.79)** 4.28 (3.18 to 5.76)** 59.7 (59.9, 58.2)1.08 (0.60 to 1.92)1.00 (0.51 to 1.95)77.6 (77.0, 81.3)1.77 (0.29 to 1.99)0.88 (0.30 to 2.60)
Paediatrics8.3 (10.7, 4.9)** 2.34 (1.94 to 2.82)** 2.22 (1.82 to 2.71)** 76.2 (78.3, 69.9) 1.56 (1.04 to 2.34)* 1.57 (1.01 to 2.46)* 76.5 (75.8, 78.9)0.84 (0.49 to 1.40)0.72 (0.40 to 1.27)
  • Odds adjusted for year of birth, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, premedical school attainment, graduate status, premedical school country of domicile, medical school attended, Foundation Programme Application Scores and medical school fitness to practise declaration.

  • Statistically significant values in bold: *p<0.05; **p<0.001.

  • ACCS EM, acute care common stem emergency medicine; GP, general practice; O&G, obstetrics and gynaecology.