Table 2

Workplace well-being scales (Effort–Reward Imbalance (ERI), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI)) compared by grade using one-way ANOVA/Pearson’s χ2

ConsultantsHigher Specialist TraineesBasic Specialist TraineesTotalχ2 (F) p value
n/AM%/SDn/AM%/SDn/AM%/SDn/AM%/SD
ERI
 Effort mean10.12.09.81.99.31.99.92.021.98***
 Reward mean18.03.716.33.917.03.817.43.930.87***
 Overcommitment mean15.83.816.23.515.73.515.73.52.87NS
 ERI ratio1.40.51.50.61.40.51.40.6F=9.07***
 High work stress78782.8%35583.7%28876.7%143081.8%7.76*
MBI
Emotional exhaustion (EE)
 Low21223.5%5212.6%4011.0%30418.1%
 Moderate27830.8%11728.3%10228.0%49729.6%
 High41245.7%24459.1%22261.0%87852.3%49.1***
 Mean25.511.728.510.329.310.227.111.019.6***
Depersonalisation
 Low47953.0%14534.9%9526.0%71942.7%
 Moderate25928.7%11126.7%11230.7%48228.6%
 High16518.3%15938.3%15843.3%48228.6%128.1***
 Mean7.45.710.67.011.66.79.16.573.6***
Personal accomplishment
 Low21524.7%14335.9%14038.4%49830.5%44.2***
 Moderate30334.9%14135.4%13537%57935.5%
 High35140.4%11428.6%9024.7%55534%
 Mean36.17.133.97.733.37.034.97.324.03***
Burn-out (EE +1)
219921%16338.4%15641.8%51829.7%76.47***
  • *P≤0.05; ***P≤0.001. 

  • AM, arithmetical mean; ANOVA, analysis of variance; NS, not significant.