Table 2

Effect of holistic assessments and additional hospital costs

OutcomeRate ratio* (95% CI)P valueExpected change per 10,000 holistic assessmentsAdditional hospital costs incurred per holistic assessment
A&E attendance1.000 (0.999 to 1.001)0.760NS†£0
Emergency admissions1.001 (1.000 to 1.002)0.201NS£0
Emergency admissions for ACSCs1.001 (0.998 to 1.003)0.516NS£0
Elective admissions1.004 (1.003 to 1.005)<0.0012399£936
Outpatient attendance1.002 (1.001 to 1.002)<0.0019149£126
  • *Rate ratios for model 1 represent the relative change in the rate of admission compared to what would have been expected in the absence of SLIC activity. A rate ratio of 1 indicates no change, whereas a rate ratio greater than 1 represents an increase, and a rate ratio less than 1 represents a decrease, in admissions.

  • †No significant change.

  • A&E, accident and emergency;  ACSCs, ambulatory care sensitive conditions.