Table 1

Summary of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption data from self-report surveys, for people aged ≥1 year (includes non-caloric where specified)

Measure type and studyPopulation
(total or sub)
SettingnMeasureAge (years)Reference categoryUnit of measureFrequencyBasis of measureSoft drinkCordialEnergy drinkFruit drinkCombinedWater
Self-report surveys
Measure: ‘prevalence’
ABS15 24 TotalNational4109% people≥2Beverage intakeAt least onceDailyPrevious day31.0% *,†,24 13.9% *,24 3.1%‡,§,15, 24 12.9%‡,¶,24 50.3%*,**,24 81.9%††,15
Cockburn et al 36 SubUrban, rural and remote230% children0–1Beverage intakeAt least onceDailyPrevious day3.9%*,‡ ‡ 75.7%§§
2–348.9%*,‡ ‡ 93.3%§§
4–555.0%*,‡‡ 94.0%§§
6–750.0%*,‡‡ 93.1%§§
8–964.2%*,‡‡ 91.3%§§
10–1162.5%*,‡‡ 94.6%§§
Thurber et al 37 SubUrban, rural and remote1282% children3–9Beverage intakeAt least onceDailyPrevious day51.0%*,¶¶
Ashman et al 39 SubRural and remote74% children1–5Beverage intakeAt least onceDailyPrevious day50.0%*** 96.7%†††
Leonard et al 40 SubRemote277% children1–2Beverage intakeAt least onceDailyPrevious day40.5%‡,‡‡‡
FSANZ 26 Sub NS 37% people≥12Beverage intakeAt least onceWeeklyPast 7 days72%* 47%* 18%*
Jamieson et al 43 SubUrban, rural and remote442% people16–20Beverage intakeMore than onceWeeklyPer week68.9% 65.3%
Jamieson et al 47 SubRemote214§§§ % children4–12Beverage intakeAt least onceEvery eveningEvenings per week24.8% 25.9%
Zubrick et al 25 SubUrban, rural and remote5289% children4–11Beverage intakeUsualWhen thirsty9.7% 15.3% 68.0%¶¶¶
Measure: ‘frequency’
Thurber et al 38 SubUrban, rural and remote1555% children3–9Beverage intake≥2 occasionsDailyPrevious day30%*,¶¶
Hardy et al 41 SubUrban and rural254% children5–16Beverage intake≥1 cupPer dayDaily19.8%*,¶¶
Leonard et al 40 SubRemote277% children1–2Beverage intakeAt least onceEver have‘Sometimes’48.3% 52.7% 94.9%
Lawrence 45 SubUrban and rural50% people≥15Beverage intake≥1 portion (can/small bottle/glass)Per day‘on an average day’80% 100%****
Measure: ‘volume’ (consumption amount)
ABS15 TotalNational4109Mean per person†† † †≥2Beverage intakegDailyPrevious day229 g†,‡ 83 g 21 g 998g††
ABS24 TotalNational4109Median per person‡‡‡‡≥2Beverage intakemLDailyPrevious day375 mL*,† 350 mL* 600 mL‡,§ 250 mL‡,¶ 450 mL*,**
FSANZ26 Sub NS 37Mean per person†† † †≥12Beverage intakemLDailyPast 7 days249 mL* 193 mL* 29 mL*
Gwynn et al 46 SubRural82Mean per person (child)†† † †5–6Beverage intakegDailyPrevious day444 g‡,¶¶,§§§§
Gwynn et al 46 SubRural82Mean per person (child)†† † †5–6Beverage intakegEating occasionPrevious day243 g‡,¶¶,¶¶¶¶
Measure: sugar/energy consumption from SSBs
ABS15 TotalNational4109% dietary≥2Sugar intakegDailyPrevious day17.2% 6.4% 1.7%
ABS15 TotalNational4109% dietary≥2Energy intakekJDailyPrevious day3.7% 1.4% 0.4%‡,§
McMahon et al 28 SubRemote1363% dietary≥2Energy intakekJDailyPrevious day3.6%†,‡ 1.3%
Gwynn et al 46 SubRural82% dietary5–6Energy intakekJDailyPrevious day6.7%‡,¶¶ ,*****
  • Data are not comparable between studies due to differences in methodology, measures, units, basis of measurement and drink types.

  • *Sugar-sweetened.

  • †Soft drink and flavoured mineral water.

  • ‡Definition was unclear for whether beverages were sugar-sweetened or not.

  • §Energy drinks, electrolyte drinks and fortified water.

  • ¶Includes vegetable drinks.

  • **Soft drinks, flavoured mineral waters, cordials, fruit drinks, vegetable drinks, energy drinks, electrolyte drinks, fortified drinks and flavoured waters.

  • †† All types including bottled and tap, unflavoured.

  • ‡‡ Soft drinks and cordial combined, sugar-sweetened.

  • §§Type of water not specified.

  • ¶¶Soft drinks, cordial and sports drink.

  • ***Sweetened or flavoured water.

  • †††’Plain water'.

  • ‡‡‡Soft drink, water, cordial and juice.

  • § § § n=214 parents of n=409 children. Data are parent report of children’s consumption.

  • ¶¶¶’Water only'.

  • ****’Glasses of water'.

  • ††††Intake per person, total sample.

  • ‡‡‡‡Intake per person, those who drank beverage.

  • §§§§Average of boys (457 g) and girls (431 g).

  • ¶¶¶¶Average of boys (259 g) and girls (227 g).

  • *****Average of boys (6.3%) and girls (6.9%).

  • NS, not specified.