Table 2

Descriptive themes and their definitions

Normalisation Process Theory constructDescriptive themeDefinition
Collective action: activities undertaken to ‘normalise’ Medication Safety Thermometer use into routine practiceScaling up.Actions taken, or planned, to scale up use of the tool.
Time and money.Time and money as influences on collecting data and subsequent improvement work using data.
Education and training.Details of associated training for staff involved with the use of the tool.
Reflexive monitoring: reviewing Medication Safety Thermometer use and embedding changesUse of the tool and its data.How data were actually used within organisations.
Reviewing and amending use of the tool.Changes to the process of collecting data to suit individual contexts. Including suggestions for the future.