Table 1

Nursing students’ learning outcomes subgroup analyses

ModeratorsCategoriesKnowledge
Q=79.16, I2=84.84% P≤0.01
Performance
Q=122.54, I2=83.68% P≤0.01
Satisfaction
Q=118.24, I2=89.85% P≤0.01
Self-confidence
Q=76.58, I2=79.11% P≤0.01
Self-efficacy
Q=13.37, I2=70.09% P≤0.01
Q I2 Sig. Q I2 Sig. Q I2 Sig. Q I2 Sig. Q I2 Sig.
ScenarioCardio-circulatory63.3890.53 <0.001 82.9985.54 <0.001 6.6740.070.15418.8773.51 0.002 0.830.000.362
Respiratory8.8165.95 <0.001 19.6579.65 0.001 111.4193.72 <0.001 29.2379.47 <0.001 1.1210.470.291
Other2.7663.760.09710.1880.35 <0.001 28.3385.88 <0.001
Manikin brandLaerdal3.470.000.48259.9486.65 <0.001 24.4983.67 <0.001 5.4326.380.2460.830.000.362
Med Sim Eagle nanana
METI30.0293.34 <0.001 48.1387.53 <0.001 24.2287.61 <0.001
Unspecified22.9782.58 <0.001 3.630.000.45889.8493.32 <0.001 47.4783.15 <0.001 1.950.000.377
Control interventionAudio-listening 1.7241.960.189 nanana
Lecture53.5494.40 <0.001 20.0085.00 <0.001 15.3273.89 0.004 23.8374.82 0.001 nanana
Low-fidelity manikin16.4287.82 <0.001 4.7457.820.093 nanana
Medium-fidelity manikinnanana 3.9449.190.1400.400.000.528nanana
No intervention0.360.000.54848.7587.69 <0.001 8.1463.16 0.043 nanana
Problem-based learningnanana3.3970.470.066nananananana
Role-playing nananananananananananana
Standardised patientnanananananananananananananana
Video-watching nanana
Web-based learningnanana 2.1553.460.143
  • –, no studies; na, not applicable for number of studies=1. 

  • Bold values mean statistical significant values.