Table 1

Baseline characteristics. Data are expressed as mean±SD or actual number of subjects and percentages

E-GDM (273)U-GDM (528)P value
Age (years)33.5±5.432.0±5.4<0.001
Prepregnancy weight* (kg)82.4±16.779.7±16.40.0308
Prepregnancy BMI* (kg/m2)33.0±6.331.7±6.10.0059
Prepregnancy BMI categories0.069
 Normal20 (7.3%)60 (11.7%)
 Overweight (25–29.9)77 (28.2%)158 (30.9%)
 Obese (≥30)176 (64.5%)293 (57.3%)
Ethnicity0.524
 Qatari112 (41.0%)223 (42.3%)
 Non-Qatari-Arab89 (32.6%)147 (27.8%)
 Asian64 (23.4%)141 (26.7%)
 Others8 (2.9%)17 (3.2%)
  • *2.2% of data are missing.

  • E-GDM, early gestational diabetes mellitus; U-GDM, usual gestational diabetes mellitus.