Table 2

Dietary recommendations or goals for patients with AMD5 8 9 30

AMD categoryDietary goals
Mild AMDConsume a diet high in dark green leafy vegetables and raw vegetables (total 5+ serves/day) and fruits (2+ serves/ day). Low-GI foods (eg, basmati rice and rolled oats) to replace high-GI foods. Increase fish/seafood intake (2+ serves/week). Consume a diet with highly bioavailable sources of zinc. Regular inclusion of nuts (eg, pistachio and walnuts) in diet (3+ times/week).
Moderate AMDUse AREDS-based supplements containing lutein/zeaxanthin or are beta carotene free. Dietary advice as per mild AMD.
Advanced AMDUse AREDS-based supplements containing lutein/zeaxanthin or are beta carotene free. Dietary advice as per mild AMD.
  • AMD, age-related macular degeneration; AREDS, Age-Related Eye Disease Study.