Table 2

End-of-life care preferences in general and disease-specific ACP forms

Documented preferencesn, %
Healthy individuals (n=646)
 Appointment substitute decision maker581 (89.9)
 Comfort measures560 (86.7)
 Life-sustaining treatments79 (12.2)
Individuals with chronic illness (n=49)
 Appointment first substitute decision maker35 (71.4)
 Appointment second substitute decision maker15 (30.6)
 Serious complication with low chance of survival
  Full treatment16 (32.7)
  Stop treatment31 (63.3)
 Serious complication with loss of ability to move around or communicate
  Full treatment15 (30.6)
  Stop treatment32 (65.3)
 Serious complication with mental incapacity
  Full treatment8 (16.3)
  Stop treatment38 (77.6)
 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  Attempt14 (28.6)
  Do not attempt19 (38.8)
  Do not attempt if doctor believes low survival chances14 (28.6)
Individuals with advanced illness (n=2685)
 Appointment first substitute decision maker2526 (94.1)
 Appointment second substitute decision maker1357 (50.5)
 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  Attempt152 (5.7)
  Do not attempt2511 (93.5)
  Do not attempt if doctor believes low survival chances22 (0.8)
 Medical intervention
  Full treatment138 (5.1)
  Limited additional interventions1851 (68.9)
  Comfort measures only677 (25.2)
  Unsure19 (0.7)
 Preferred place of medical treatment
  Home265 (9.8)
  Hospital798 (29.7)
  Nursing home166 (6.2)
  Hospice131 (4.9)
 Trial of treatment before consider transfer to hospital
   Home908 (33.8)
   Nursing home269 (10.0)
   Hospice28 (1.0)
   Others (no preference, unsure)110 (4.1)
  Missing10 (0.4)
 Preferred place of death
  Patient’s home1084 (40.4)
  Hospital379 (14.1)
  Nursing home160 (5.9)
  Hospice156 (5.8)
  Home or hospital/nursing home/hospice112 (4.2)
  Healthcare institution (hospital or nursing home or hospice)177 (6.7)
  Others (no preference, unsure)617 (23.0)
  • ACP, Advance Care Planning; CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation.