Table 2

Summary of core and optional indicators generated in the study

IndicatorsNumeratorDenominator
Core indicators
Early initiation of breastfeedingChildren born in the last 24 months (living or deceased) who were put to the breast within 1 hour of birth.Children born in the last 24 months.
Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 monthsInfants 0–5 months who received only breast milk during the previous day.Infants 0–5 months.
Continued breastfeeding at 1 yearChildren 12–15 months who received breast milk during the previous day.Children 12–15 months.
Introduction of solid, semisolid or soft foodsInfants 6–8 months who received solid, semisolid or soft foods during the previous day.Infants 6–8 months.
Minimum dietary diversityChildren 6–23 months who received foods from 4 or more food groups out of the standard 7 food groups during the previous day.Children 6–23 months.
Minimum meal frequencyChildren 6–23 months who received solid, semisolid or soft foods the minimum number of times or more during the previous day.* Children 6–23 months.
Minimum acceptable dietBreastfed children 6–23 months who had at least the minimum dietary diversity and meal frequency, and non-breastfed children 6–23 months who received at least 2 milk feedings and had at least the minimum dietary diversity not including milk feeds and the minimum meal frequency during the previous day.Children 6–23 months.
Consumption of iron-rich or iron-fortified foodsChildren 6–23 months who received an iron-rich food or food that was specially designed for infants and young children and was fortified with iron.Children 6–23 months.
Optimal indicators
Children ever breastfedChildren born in the last 24 months (living or deceased) who were ever breastfed.Children born in the last 24 months.
Continued breastfeeding at 2 yearsChildren 20–23 months who received breast milk during the previous day.Children 20–23 months.
Age-appropriate breastfeedingInfants 0–5 months who received only breast milk plus, children 6–23 months who received breast milk as well as foods during the previous day.Children 6–23 months.
Predominant breastfeeding under 6 monthsInfants 0–5 months of age who received breast milk as the predominant source of nourishment during the previous day.Infants 0–5 months.
Bottle feedingChildren 0–23 months who were fed with a bottle during the previous day.Children 0–23 months.
Milk feeding frequency for non-breastfed childrenNon-breastfed children 6–23 months of age who received at least 2 milk feedings during the previous day.Non-breastfed children 6–23 months.
  • *2 and 3 times for breastfed children 6–8 and 9–23 months, respectively; 4 times for non-breastfed children. The number of milk feeds is counted for non-breastfed children as meals.