Table 1

Behaviour change methods, targeted theoretical constructs and implementation strategies

PartBehaviour change method/sImplementation strategyTarget construct
1: EducationInformation provisionProvide information about the risks of driving into floodwaterAttitudes, risk perception, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility
2: Formation of a goal intentionPersonalise risk
Scenario-based risk information
Provide opportunities for social comparison
Goal setting
Providing information about the personal risk; providing reasons people commonly drive into floodwater from prior studies; providing a strategy for overcoming barriers to avoiding driving into floodwaterIntention, attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control, risk perception, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, anticipated regret, barrier self-efficacy
3: Practice imagery exerciseGuided practice (imagery skill)Tangy lemon guided imagery taskNot applicable
4: Process mental simulationImplementation intentions
Goal setting
Planning coping responses
Guided practice
Using imagery
Provide examples of things to do when floodwater is encountered; imagining the steps to use when encountering floodwater while driving; process mental simulation exerciseIntention, perceived behavioural control, barrier self-efficacy, action planning
5: Outcome mental simulationPersonalise risk
Information about others’ approval
Provide contingent rewards
Using imagery
Encouragement to think about the things that can happen when driving into floodwater and when avoiding driving into floodwater, including the risk and the benefits; information about what important others will think; outcome mental simulation exerciseIntention, attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control, risk perception, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, anticipated regret
6: ConclusionCue alteringInstructing that if ever in the situation to remember goalBarrier self-efficacy
  • Part 3 refers to the practice task which is designed to build imagery ability and does not relate to a target construct being assessed.