Table 3

Physician associates’ time (recorded in work logs) spent on individual work activities, by surgical and medical specialties

ActivitySurgical specialties*Medical specialties†
Time spent on activity
Total hoursMean (SD) weekly hoursPercentage of total hours overall‡, %Total hoursMean (SD) weekly hoursPercentage of total hours overall‡, %
Inpatient ward round (with consultant/registrar)847.64 (4.07)14616.1 (2.95)15
Inpatient ward round (independent)13.251.2 (1.59)257.755.78 (3.07)14
Inpatient clerking of new patients30.252.75 (2.82)519.51.95 (1.79)5
Inpatient reviewing patients42.53.86 (4.8)769.756.98 (6.23)17
Inpatient preoperative/postoperative assessment14.51.32 (1.8)20.50.05 (0.16)<1
Inpatient discussion of patient care/case management with clinical colleagues413.73 (2.84)727.252.72 (3.18)7
Outpatient clerking new patients30.27 (0.9)11.50.15 (0.34)<1
Outpatient patient consultation23.252.11 (3.02)43.750.38 (1.19)1
Outpatient preoperative assessment0.750.07 (0.23)<1 –
Outpatient discussion of patient care/case management with clinical colleagues0.50.05 (0.15)<14.250.42 (1.34)1
Emergency department clerking new patients3.250.3 (0.43)150.5 (1.58)1
Emergency department patient consultation1.250.11 (0.26)<1 –
Emergency department discussion of patient care/case management with clinical colleagues0.750.07 (0.16)<150.5 (1.58)1
Assisting in theatre/interventional procedures66.256.02 (6.28)1111.251.12 (1.46)3
Patient education (any setting)14.251.3 (1.52)280.8 (1.25)2
Discussing care with relatives (any setting)12.51.14 (1.07)228.752.88 (2.21)7
Routine procedures (eg, phlebotomy, cannulation, ECG) (any setting)34.253.11 (2.13)626.752.68 (1.2)7
TTOs and discharge summaries (any setting)595.36 (4.4)1034.53.45 (2.37)8
Requesting investigations (any setting)33.753.07 (2.78)620.752.08 (1.65)5
Administration24.252.2 (3.82)42.50.25 (0.58)1
Teaching22.52.04 (2.49)410.51.05 (1.46)3
Own training/study14.51.32 (2.22)22.50.25 (0.49)1
Networking/attending meetings15.51.41 (1.86)31.750.18 (0.37)<1
Strategy/policy/service development2.750.25 (0.58)<12.50.25 (0.79)1
Other§31.752.89 (4.24)510.1 (0.32)<1
Total589.553.59 (11.68)n/a40640.6 (12.78)n/a
  • *n=10 participants.

  • †N= 6 participants.

  • ‡Due to rounding, percentages may not add up to 100%.

  • §‘Other’ activities included: collecting notes, surgical planning meeting, interpreting investigations, ward list/preoperative, multidisciplinary team, airway support and assisting intubation, telephone clinic, university teaching.

  • TTO, to take out.