Table 2

Association between hospital-based delivery and male births in NDHS, stepwise regression

 Dependent variable: hospital-based delivery (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) Male child, Est. (95% CI) 0.003 (−0.025 to 0.030) −0.005 (−0.031 to 0.021) −0.025 (−0.077 to 0.026) −0.023 (−0.074 to 0.027) −0.022 (−0.072 to 0.028) −0.014 (−0.063 to 0.034) Mother’s education (ref: secondary or higher), Est. (95% CI) Primary −0.231*** (−0.282 to −0.180) −0.231*** (−0.282 to −0.180) −0.256*** (−0.322 to −0.191) −0.218*** (−0.284 to −0.152) −0.200*** (−0.266 to −0.133) −0.081** (−0.147 to −0.016) No schooling −0.335*** (−0.381 to −0.288) −0.335*** (−0.382 to −0.288) −0.347*** (−0.402 to −0.292) −0.253*** (−0.310 to −0.196) −0.247*** (−0.303 to −0.191) −0.101*** (−0.156 to −0.045) Male child*mother’s education, Est. (95% CI) Male child, primary 0.048 (−0.024 to 0.120) 0.049 (−0.023 to 0.121) 0.045 (−0.027 to 0.116) 0.048 (−0.022 to 0.118) Male child, no schooling 0.023 (−0.034 to 0.080) 0.012 (−0.043 to 0.068) 0.011 (−0.044 to 0.067) 0.011 (−0.042 to 0.065) Parity (ref: 1), (95% CI) 2 −0.096*** (−0.143 to −0.050) −0.129*** (−0.175 to −0.083) −0.121*** (−0.163 to −0.079) ≥3 −0.210*** (−0.253 to −0.167) −0.277*** (−0.327 to −0.228) −0.227*** (−0.276 to −0.178) Mother’s age (ref: <20), n (95% CI) 20–24 0.078** (0.016 to 0.140) 0.047 (−0.011 to 0.106) 25–29 0.157*** (0.089 to 0.225) 0.100*** (0.036 to 0.165) ≥30 0.151*** (0.076 to 0.226) 0.110*** (0.040 to 0.181) Household wealth tertile (ref: poor), n (95% CI) Middle 0.104*** (0.065 to 0.144) Rich 0.353*** (0.299 to 0.407) Constant 0.281*** (0.248 to 0.313) 0.484*** (0.441 to 0.528) 0.487*** (0.441 to 0.533) 0.498*** (0.447 to 0.549) 0.573*** (0.521 to 0.625) 0.493*** (0.423 to 0.564) 0.258*** (0.186 to 0.331) Observations 4 047 4 047 4 047 4 047 4 047 4 047 4 047 R2 0.000 0.108 0.109 0.109 0.137 0.146 0.225
• SEs clustered at the primary sampling unit level. *P < 0.1 ,  **P < 0.05 ,  ***P < 0.01 .

• NDHS, Nepal Demographic and Health Survey.