Table 2

Association between hospital-based delivery and male births in NDHS, stepwise regression

Dependent variable: hospital-based delivery
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)
Male child, Est. (95% CI)0.003
(−0.025 to 0.030)
−0.005
(−0.031 to 0.021)
−0.025
(−0.077 to 0.026)
−0.023
(−0.074 to 0.027)
−0.022
(−0.072 to 0.028)
−0.014
(−0.063 to 0.034)
Mother’s education (ref: secondary or higher), Est. (95% CI)
 Primary−0.231***
(−0.282 to −0.180)
−0.231***
(−0.282 to −0.180)
−0.256***
(−0.322 to −0.191)
−0.218***
(−0.284 to −0.152)
−0.200***
(−0.266 to −0.133)
−0.081**
(−0.147 to −0.016)
 No schooling−0.335***
(−0.381 to −0.288)
−0.335***
(−0.382 to −0.288)
−0.347***
(−0.402 to −0.292)
−0.253***
(−0.310 to −0.196)
−0.247***
(−0.303 to −0.191)
−0.101***
(−0.156 to −0.045)
Male child*mother’s education, Est. (95% CI)
 Male child, primary0.048
(−0.024 to 0.120)
0.049
(−0.023 to 0.121)
0.045
(−0.027 to 0.116)
0.048
(−0.022 to 0.118)
 Male child, no schooling0.023
(−0.034 to 0.080)
0.012
(−0.043 to 0.068)
0.011
(−0.044 to 0.067)
0.011
(−0.042 to 0.065)
Parity (ref: 1), (95% CI)
 2−0.096***
(−0.143 to −0.050)
−0.129***
(−0.175 to −0.083)
−0.121***
(−0.163 to −0.079)
 ≥3−0.210***
(−0.253 to −0.167)
−0.277***
(−0.327 to −0.228)
−0.227***
(−0.276 to −0.178)
Mother’s age (ref: <20), n (95% CI)
 20–240.078**
(0.016 to 0.140)
0.047
(−0.011 to 0.106)
 25–290.157***
(0.089 to 0.225)
0.100***
(0.036 to 0.165)
 ≥300.151***
(0.076 to 0.226)
0.110***
(0.040 to 0.181)
Household wealth tertile (ref: poor), n (95% CI)
 Middle0.104***
(0.065 to 0.144)
 Rich0.353***
(0.299 to 0.407)
 Constant0.281***
(0.248 to 0.313)
0.484***
(0.441 to 0.528)
0.487***
(0.441 to 0.533)
0.498***
(0.447 to 0.549)
0.573***
(0.521 to 0.625)
0.493***
(0.423 to 0.564)
0.258***
(0.186 to 0.331)
 Observations4 0474 0474 0474 0474 0474 0474 047
 R2 0.0000.1080.1090.1090.1370.1460.225
  • SEs clustered at the primary sampling unit level. *P < 0.1 ,  **P < 0.05 ,  ***P < 0.01 .

  • NDHS, Nepal Demographic and Health Survey.