Table 2

Sociodemographic and ORs for persistent (>80%) school absence in 29 278 children and young people referred to mental health services

No persistence absence (n=23 241), (%) Persistent school absence (n=5635), n (%)OR (95% CI)aOR† (95% CI)Weighted aOR‡Match probability adjusted aOR§
Any ICD-10 disorder14 004 (60.2)3594 (63.7)1.16 (1.09 to 1.23)**1.13 (1.07 to 1.22)**1.13 (1.07 to 1.22)**1.10 (1.03 to 1.19)**
Age at first referral to mental health services
 <7 years)3031 (13.0)298 (5.3)ReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  7–11 years9405 (40.5)1540 (27.3)1.67 (1.46 to 1.90)**1.67 (1.46 to 1.90)**1.67 (1.47 to 1.91)**1.60 (1.49 to 1.84)**
 12–15 years5205 (22.4)1830 (32.5)3.58 (3.14 to 4.07)**3.65 (3.20 to 4.18)**3.71 (3.24 to 4.23)**3.66 (3.21 to 4.18)**
 16–18 years5600 (24.1)1967 (34.9)3.57 (3.13 to 4.06)**4.20 (3.63 to 4.86)**4.15 (3.57 to 4.81)**4.70 (3.82 to 5.78)**
Female10 023 (43.1)2695 (47.8)1.20 (1.14 to 1.28)**0.97 (0.91 to 1.03)0.97 (0.92 to 1.04)0.96 (0.91 to 1.03)
Ethnicity
 White/white British10 651 (45.8)3011 (53.4)ReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
 Asian/Asian British815 (3.5)159 (2.8)0.69 (0.58 to 0.82)**0.68 (0.57 to 0.81)**0.69 (0.58 to 0.83)**0.76 (0.60 to 0.96)*
 Black British/African4737 (20.4)849 (15.1)0.63 (0.58 to 0.69)**0.68 (0.62 to 0.74)**0.69 (0.63 to 0.75)**0.71 (0.64 to 0.79)**
 Black British/Afro-Caribbean1213 (5.2)248 (4.4)0.72 (0.63 to 0.83)**0.81 (0.70 to 0.94)**0.81 (0.70 to 0.94)**0.82 (0.70 to 0.94)**
 Mixed/multiple ethnic1653 (7.1)483 (8.6)1.03 (0.93 to 1.15)1.14 (1.02 to 1.28)*1.15 (1.03 to 1.29)*1.11 (0.99 rto1.26)
 Other ethnic group905 (3.9)195 (3.5)0.76 (0.64 to 0.89)**0.78 (0.66 to 0.92)**0.80 (0.67 to 0.96)**0.92 (0.69 to 1.22)
 Not stated3286 (14.1)694 (17.4)0.74 (0.68 to 0.82)**0.78 (0.71 to 0.86)**0.79 (0.72 to 0.87)**0.79 (0.72 to 0.87)**
Resident within Local catchment area18 100 (77.8)4064 (72.1)0.74 (0.69 to 0.76)**0.88 (0.82 to 0.95)**0.89 (0.83 to 0.96)**0.87 (0.80 to 0.94)**
National quartiles of neighbourhood deprivation
 First (most deprived)11 326 (79.7)2884 (51.1)ReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
 Second7891 (33.9)1785 (31.7)0.89 (0.83 to 0.94)**0.83 (0.76 to 0.89)**0.82 (0.77 to 0.88)**0.85 (0.79 to 0.92)**
 Third2349 (10.1)557 (9.9)0.93 (0.84 to 1.03)0.74 (0.69 to 0.83)**0.74 (0.66 to 0.83)**0.78 (0.69 to 0.89)**
 Fourth (least deprived)1692 (7.3)413 (7.3)0.96 (0.85 to 1.07)0.70 (0.62 to 0.80)**0.70 (0.62 to 0.80)**0.69 (0.62 to 0.78)**
Address data available¶
 Postcode 114 119 (60.7)3170 (56.2)ReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
 Postcode 22287 (9.8)669 (11.9)1.30 (1.18 to 1.43)**0.71 (0.63 to 0.78)**0.71 (0.64 to 0.81)**0.85 (0.65 to 1.11)
 Postcode 34618 (19.9)1077 (19.1)1.03 (0.96 to 1.12)**0.92 (0.84 to 0.99)*0.92 (0.85 to 1.00)1.01 (0.87 to 1.19)
 Postcode 41448 (6.2)485 (8.6)1.49 (1.33 to 1.67)**0.81 (0.71 to 0.93)**0.82 (0.72 to 0.95)**1.14 (0.71 to 1.81)
 Postcode 5788 (3.4)238 (4.2)1.34 (1.16 to 1.56)**0.93 (0.79 to 1.10)0.93 (0.78 to 1.09)1.85 (0.74 to 4.66)
  • *P<0.05, **p<0.01.

  • †Adjusted for all other covariates listed in the table.

  • ‡Adjusted model with inverse probability weighting for matching included.

  • §Adjusted model with addition of matching probability estimates entered as a covariate.

  • ¶See figure 1 legend.

  • aOR, adjusted OR; ICD-10, International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision.