Table 3

Choice architecture elements and effectiveness of interventions examined in included studies

Studies
Intervention classIntervention typeDorresteijnGeaneyHoldsworth 43 LassenMeyers 27 Milich 28 Sato et al 29 Thorndike et al 30 Van Kleef 31 Vermeer et al 42
abcab
Primarily alter properties of objects or stimuliAmbience
Functional designX
LabellingXXXXXXXX
PresentationX
SizingXX
PricingX
Primarily alter placement of objects or stimuliAvailabilityXXXX
ProximityXXXXX
Alter both properties and placement of objects and stimuliPriming
PromptingXX
OutcomeEffect on purchasing?NNYYYNYYYY*
OutcomeEffect on dietary consumption?YYY
  • X blue box indicates element was implemented in the study.

  • *Although sizing plus pricing had an effect compared with control, there was no significant effect between sizing and pricing and sizing alone in this study.

  • N, not effective; Y, effective.