Table 4

Choice architecture elements included in complex interventions and their reported effectiveness in included studies

Studies
Intervention classIntervention typeBerefsordKwak et al 48 Lowe et al 34 Macdonald et al 38 Racette et al 35 Sorensen et al 47 Sorensen et al 36 Stites et al 37
Primarily alter properties of objects or stimuliAmbience
Functional designX
LabellingXXXXX
Presentation
Sizing
PricingX
Primarily alter placement of objects or stimuliAvailabilityXX*XXX
ProximityXX
Alter both properties and placement of objects and stimuliPriming
PromptingX*XX
OutcomeEffect on purchasing?YY
Effect on dietary consumption?YYYYYN
  • X blue box indicates element was implemented in the study.

  • *Kwak et al used an assets-based approach in which intervention worksites chose intervention elements that suited their context. Examples of actions given were classified as ‘availability’ and ‘prompting’.

  • N, not effective; Y, effective.