Table 1

Characteristics of people using palliative home care support (exposed) and people who did not use palliative home care support (unexposed) before and after propensity score matching

CharacteristicsBefore propensity score matching (n=82 621)After propensity score matching (n=17 674)
ExposedUnexposedExposedUnexposed
No. of patients (%)11 149 (13.5)71 472 (86.5)8837 (50)8837 (50)
Earliest use of palliative home care in days, median (IQR)75 (154)  /73 (152)  /
Mean age at time of death (SD)74.2 (12.8)76.5 (14.2)74.4 (12.7)75.0 (12.3)
Sex
 Men55.254.656.055.1
 Women44.845.444.044.9
Cause of death
 Neoplasm74.620.672.772.8
 COPD2.54.62.72.8
 Other organ failure3.25.93.53.1
 Neurodegenerative4.45.04.95.1
 Other15.363.816.216.3
Household composition
 Married60.444.660.461.4
 Single-person household26.241.526.726.4
 Living together4.14.24.03.6
 One-parent family6.46.76.25.9
 Other2.93.02.72.7
Education level
 No education8.18.77.97.7
 Primary school education34.734.934.735.2
 Secondary school education44.845.245.044.6
 Postsecondary school education12.511.212.412.6
Income in quartiles*
 Lowest income quartile29.226.228.428.7
 Second income quartile22.523.521.721.9
 Third income quartile24.124.524.324.8
 Highest income quartile24.325.925.624.6
Region
 Flemish region66.453.165.464.5
 Walloon region28.836.829.630.4
 Brussels capital region4.810.15.05.1
 Urbanisation
 Very high25.133.725.725.6
 High28.527.529.228.7
 Average32.024.430.730.6
 Low12.913.013.013.7
 Rural1.51.51.51.5
Hospital use in the last 2 years
 ≥120 days hospitalised4.75.34.64.0
 ≥6 hospitalisations46.514.744.544.6
  • Values are percentages of patients unless stated otherwise. All percentages are valid percentages. Missing values existed in the full population (n=107 847) for household composition (n=1399; 1.6%), education level (n=11 382; 13.1%), income (n=3563; 4.1%), region (1657; 1.9%), urbanisation (1657; 1.9%).

  • *Income quartiles were calculated on the full population of decedents (n=107 847).

  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.