Table 1

Descriptive statistics for study participants

CharacteristicCOPD (n=71)Heart failure (n=50)Cancer (n=65)P value*Total (n=186)
Age (years)63.0±13.069.0±12.263.2±14.10.0364.7±13.4
Gender (male)45.1%66.0%50.8%0.0752.7%
Marital status (married)69.0%66.0%66.2%0.9267.2%
Education (years)12.4±3.910.7±4.112.1±3.80.0811.8±4.0
Comorbidities (no of additional diseases)2.0±1.22.7±1.31.7±1.0<0.0012.1±1.2
Medication (no of medicines taken)3.9±1.54.8±0.73.3±1.8<0.0013.9±1.6
Ideal care3.0±0.63.2±0.53.1±0.50.1223.1±0.5
Actual care2.3±0.82.5±0.82.6±0.80.2382.4±0.8
Care gap (ideal vs actual care)0.6±0.70.7±0.70.5±0.80.5920.6±0.7
Satisfaction with care8.1±1.28.2±1.08.3±0.80.5018.2±1.0
  • Data are expressed as mean±SD or percentage. 

  • *Difference among groups, χ2 test or analysis of variance.

  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.