Table 1

Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the sample at baseline

Variable
Gender, n (%)
 Women74 (84)
 Men14 (16)
Age, mean (SD)
 Mean age32.5 (11.6)
 Min–max18–72
Married, n (%)14 (16)
Highest education, n (%)
 Primary school9 (10)
 High school51 (58)
 College/university26 (30)
 Doctorate2 (2)
Occupational status
 Working49 (56)
 Student22 (25)
 Retired3 (3)
 Unemployed13 (15)
 Disability pension1 (1)
Insight, n (%)
 Good46 (52)
 Poor34 (39)
 Delusional8 (9)
BDD duration, mean (SD)
 Mean length in years18.8 (13.3)
Comorbidity, n (%)
 Current depressive episode44 (50)
 Panic disorder3 (3)
 Social anxiety disorder25 (28)
 Generalised anxiety disorder15 (17)
 Bulimia nervosa2 (2)
 ADHD2 (2)
 Obsessive–compulsive disorder8 (9)
Current medication, n (%)
 SSRI12 (14)
 SNRI2 (2)
 Other antidepressants7 (8)
 Mood stabilisers4 (5)
 Benzodiazepines3 (3)
 Neuroleptics2 (2)
 Methylphenidate2 (2)
Previous psychosocial treatment, n (%)
 CBT for BDD10 (11)
 Psychosocial treatment for depression or anxiety53 (60)
Plastic surgery, n (%)
 Previous plastic surgery21 (24)
 Mean no. of surgeries (SD)2.3 (1.7)
 Min–max no. of surgeries1–6
  • ADHD, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; BDD, body dysmorphic disorder; CBT, cognitive–behavioural therapy; SNRI, serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake Inhibitors; SSRI, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.