Table 3

Prevalence of ACDs (n=2285)

At least one ACD overall
n (%)
Type of ACD*
Statutory ACD: preferences for care
n (%)
Statutory ACD: substitute decision-maker
n (%)
Non-statutory ACD
n (%)
Total sample (n=2285)682 (29.8)62 (2.7)250 (10.9)477 (20.9)
Healthcare sector
General practice (n=503)16 (3.2)1 (0.2)11 (2.2)5 (1.0)
Hospital (n=574)90 (15.7)15 (2.6)68 (11.8)33 (5.7)
RACF (n=1208)576 (47.7)46 (3.8)171 (14.2)439 (36.3)
Jurisdiction
Australian Capital Territory (n=31)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 General practice
 Hospital
 RACF0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
New South Wales (n=655)241 (36.8)N/A19 (2.9)235 (35.9)
 General practice5 (4.3)N/A4 (3.5)1 (0.9)
 HospitalN/A
 RACF236 (43.7)N/A15 (2.8)234 (43.3)
Queensland (n=351)141 (40.2)24 (6.8)81 (23.1)67 (19.1)
 General practice1 (2.9)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (2.9)
 Hospital36 (21.7)10 (6.0)29 (17.5)2 (1.2)
 RACF104 (69.3)14 (9.3)52 (34.7)64 (42.7)
South Australia (n=239)127 (53.1)33 (13.8)97 (40.6)39 (16.3)
 General practice
 Hospital5 (8.9)2 (3.6)3 (5.4)1 (1.8)
 RACF122 (66.7)31 (16.9)94 (51.4)38 (20.8)
Tasmania (n=50)7 (14.0)N/A6 (12.0)1 (2.0)
 General practiceN/A
 HospitalN/A
 RACF7 (14.0)N/A6 (12.0)1 (2.0)
Victoria (n=959)166 (17.3)5 (0.5)47 (4.9)135 (14.1)
 General practice10 (2.8)1 (0.3)7 (2.0)3 (0.8)
 Hospital49 (13.9)3 (0.9)36 (10.2)30 (8.5)
 RACF107 (42.1)1 (0.4)4 (1.6)102 (40.2)
  • A dash (–) indicates a particular sector/jurisdiction that was not represented in the study. N/A indicates a document that is not available in a particular jurisdiction.

  • *Participants may have more than one type of ACD.

  • ACD, advance care directive; RACF, residential aged care facility.