Table 1

Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of the overall sample (n=40) and by chronic condition subgroup

VariableOverall sampleTreatment for HIVTreatment for diabetes
 N (%)Yes (n=22)
N (%)
No (n=18)
N (%)
P valueYes (n=20)
N (%)
No (n=20)
N (%)
P value
Gender: Female34 (85.0%)18 (81.8)16 (88.9)0.67318 (90.0)16 (80.0)0.661
Race: Mixed race ancestry22 (55.0%)8 (36.4)14 (77.8)0.012*14 (70.0)8 (40.0)0.111
Education0.4080.337
 Some primary12 (30.0)7 (31.8)5 (27.8)7 (35.0)5 (25.0)
 Some secondary23 (57.5)11 (50.0)12 (66.7)12 (60.0)11 (55.0)
 Completed secondary5 (12.5)4 (18.2)1 (5.6)1 (5.0)4 (20.0)
Employment (yes)14 (35.0)10 (45.5)4 (22.2)0.1865 (25.0)9 (45.0)0.320
Age in years (M, SD)44 (12.2)38.9 (9.7)50.3 (12.2)0.002*50.0 (11.8)38.1 (9.5)0.001*
AUDIT ≥88 (20.0)6 (27.3)2 (11.1)0.2582 (10.0)6 (30.0)0.235
CES-D ≥1638 (95.0)20 (90.9)18 (100)0.49220 (100)18 (90.0)0.487
  • *Significant association at p<0.05.

  • AUDIT, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; CES-D, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression.