Table 2

Sample characteristics* (n=2285)

Characteristic
Age
 YearsMedian=83.0; IQR=15
Sex
 Male885 (38.7)
 Female1400 (61.3)
Healthcare setting
 General practice503 (22.0)
 Hospital574 (25.1)
 Residential aged care facility1208 (52.9)
Jurisdiction
 Australian Capital Territory31 (1.4)
 New South Wales655 (28.6)
 Queensland351 (15.4)
 South Australia239 (10.4)
 Tasmania50 (2.2)
 Victoria959 (42.0)
Country of birth
 Australia1343 (58.7)
 Other536 (23.5)
 Missing406 (17.8)
Indigenous status
 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander27 (1.2)
 Non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander2090 (91.4)
 Missing168 (7.4)
Speaks English
 Yes1804 (78.8)
 Interpreter required73 (1.3)
 Missing408 (17.9)
Medical condition†
 Circulatory system (yes)1452 (63.5)
 Musculoskeletal and connective tissue (yes)1293 (56.5)
 Dementia (yes)719 (31.5)
 Urinary/excretory, reproductive (yes)719 (31.5)
 Endocrine, nutritional, metabolic disorders (yes)673 (29.5)
 Neurological system (yes)638 (27.9)
 Gastrointestinal system (yes)627 (27.4)
 Respiratory system (yes)626 (27.4)
 Mental Illness (yes)534 (23.4)
 Cancer (yes)458 (20.0)
 Other (yes)369 (16.1)
Morbidity
 Unimorbid263 (11.5)
 Comorbid441 (19.3)
 Multimorbid1581 (69.2)
ECOG status‡
 082 (3.6)
 1144 (6.3)
 2327 (14.3)
 3761 (33.3)
 4292 (12.8)
 Missing679 (29.7)
  • Cannot carry on any self-care; confined to bed or chair more than 50% of waking hours; confined to bed or chair.21

  • *Reported as median and IQR for continuous variables and as frequency (percentage) for categorical variables.

  • †Participant may have more than one medical condition.

  • ‡ECOG performance status grades: 0=fully active, able to carry on all predisease performance without restriction; up and about more than 50% of waking hours; 1=restricted in physically strenuous activity, but ambulatory and able to carry out work of a light or sedentary nature; 2=ambulatory and capable of all self-care but unable to carry out work activities; 3=capable of only limited self-care; 4=completely disabled.

  • ECOG, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group.