Table 5

Association of mental health problems profile and dietary patterns in two extracted classes

Dietary patternHigh mental health problems class (n=259)Low mental health problems class (n=2683)
WesternCrude model0.131 (0.272)0.076 (0.128)
Model II0.172 (0.239)0.119 (0.084)
Model III0.158 (0.204)0.098 (0.082)
Model IV0.148 (0.206)0.099 (0.081)
HealthyCrude model0.002 (0.000)0.177 (0.884)
Model II−0.711 (0.859)−0.339 (0.175)*
Model III−0.772 (0.982)−0.328 (0.172)*
Model IV−0.771 (0.890)−0.341 (0.173)**
TraditionalCrude model0.384 (0.384)0.378 (0.113)***
Model II0.631 (0.397)0.550 (0.145)****
Model III0.547 (0.434)0.565 (0.149)****
Model IV0.616 (0.413)0.567 (0.149)****
  • All presented values are regression coefficient and its SE, which resulted from one-factor, two-class factor mixture model solution considering ‘type of occupation’ as clusters (higher level units).

  • Crude model: no adjustment was done for confounding variables.

  • Model II: adjustment was done for demographic variables, that is, age, gender, marital status, educational level and family size.

  • Model III: adjustment was done for demographic variables and lifestyles factors, that is, sleep duration, physical activity, body mass index and smoking.

  • Model IV: adjustment was done for all variables in model III and job-related characteristics, that is, shift work, second job and the effort to reward ratio.

  • *P<0.1, **p<0.05, ***p<0.01, ****p<0.001.