Table 6

Fetal outcomes of women with gestational diabetes mellitus in 2014 compared with 2016

20142016P value
EGA37.8 (37.6–38.1)38.0 (37.9–38.2)0.13
Stillbirth5 (1.20%)3 (0.39%)0.10
NND0.00%1 (0.13%)N/A
Hypoglycaemia40 (9.62%)46 (5.94%) 0.02
Respiratory distress11 (2.64%)12 (1.55%)0.19
Jaundice requiring phototherapy9 (2.16%)12 (1.55)0.44
Apgar <7 at 5 min19 (4.57%)26 (3.36%)0.30
Birth <37 weeks51 (12.3%)83 (10.7%)0.42
Birth <34 weeks25 (6.01%)30 (3.88%)0.10
Shoulder dystocia7 (1.68%)5 (0.65%)0.09
Admission to neonatal intensive care unit27 (6.49%)39 (5.04%)0.30
Admission to special care nursery52 (12.5%)60 (7.75%) 0.007
Birth weight3151 (3089–3213)3207 (3167–3248)0.12
Birth weight >95%27 (6.49%)35 (4.52%)0.15
Birth weight >90%48 (11.5%)74 (9.56%)0.28
Birth weight <10%38 (9.13%)60 (7.75%)0.41
  • Bold numbers indicate statistical significance. Bold words are HAPO-outcomes.

  • EGA, estimated gestational age; NND, neonatal death.