Table 4

The association between the independent variables and the risk of depressive symptoms at 2-year follow-up (Wave 7) (n=6804)

Independent variablesAdjusted OR95% CI for ORP value
LowerUpper
Gender
 Male (Reference) (n=3030)1
 Female (n=3774)1.481.251.75<0.01
Age
 50–59 years (Reference) (n=1492)1
 60–69 years (n=2720)0.910.731.130.38
 70–84 years (n=2313)1.271.021.580.03
 85+ years (n=279)1.430.972.110.07
Wealth
 Wealth quintile 1 (poorest) (Reference) (n=1005)1
 Wealth quintile 2 (n=1214)0.800.631.020.07
 Wealth quintile 3 (n=1372)0.500.390.64<0.01
 Wealth quintile 4 (n=1464)0.430.330.56<0.01
 Wealth quintile 5 (wealthiest) (n=1619)0.310.230.41<0.01
 Missing wealth data (n=130)
Baseline depression (Wave 6)
 Baseline depression (n=872)10.598.9012.53<0.01
 No baseline depression (n=5932)
  • Adjusted for obesity, poor metabolic health, baseline depression (Wave 6), gender, age and wealth.