Table 1

Data extraction and charting for empirical and grey literature sources

Domain/subdomainDescription
1. General document details
 1.1 Reference typeEmpirical study, case study, review, commentary, report, guideline
 1.2 Publication yearYear of publication
 1.3 Country and locationCountry of publication (and location if provided)
 1.4 Publication languageLanguage of publication
2. Empirical study references (if applicable)
 2.1 Research objectiveWhat was the research objective or specific question to be tested (if relevant)?
 2.2 Study designWas the study design observational, experimental or qualitative?
 2.3 Study populationWhat were the eligibility criteria? Would the population be classified as primarily: tobacco, cannabis, alcohol, opioid, stimulant or comorbid substance use and mental illness?
 2.4 Patient-centred care interventionWhat was the operational definition of patient-centred care used (including the definition of specific principles, if available)? How long was the intervention provided or observed for?
 2.5 Context/settingWhat health-oriented context was the PCC intervention a part of? What health professionals were involved?
 2.6 Study outcomesFor quantitative studies, what types of patient outcomes and/or process outcomes were measured (eg, treatment engagement, changes in substance use behaviours, health status, treatment satisfaction, provider communication)? For qualitative studies, what outcomes were described?
 2.7 Important resultsWhat were the main results of the study? Were there any important sub-group (eg, by sex and gender, by primary substance, by healthcare provider) analyses?
 2.8 LimitationsWhat limitations did the authors describe? What others might there be?
3. Grey literature references (if applicable)
 3.1 Target audienceIs there a target audience specified for the guideline/report (eg, policy-maker/decision-maker, healthcare provider, patient/client/family)?
 3.2 Reference populationIf available, how was the target patient population defined? Any specific eligibility criteria used? Would the population be classified as primarily: tobacco, cannabis, alcohol, opioid, stimulant or comorbid substance use and mental illness?
 3.3 Patient-centred care operational definitionWhat was the operational definition of patient-centred care used (including the definition of specific principles, if available)?
 3.4 Context/settingWhat health-oriented context was the PCC intervention a part of? What health professionals were involved?
 3.5 Intervention and outcomesIf applicable, was a specific patient-centred intervention described (eg, a training module, a clinical approach)? Were any patient outcomes and/or process outcomes of PCC reported (eg, treatment engagement, substance use outcomes, treatment satisfaction, provider communication)?
 3.6 Programme evaluationIf available, what results were reported from any ongoing programme evaluations?
  • PCC, patient-centred care.