Table 2

Clinical outcomes in patients with PVL following SAVR versus TAVR based on Kaplan-Meier estimates at specific time points

SAVR
(n=214), %
TAVR
(n=374), %
Log-rank p values
Overall mortality
 At 1 year6.817.4 <0.0001
 At 3 years16.441.3
 At 5 years26.769.7
Endocarditis
 At 1 year2.40.90.69
 At 3 years3.13.4
 At 5 years5.83.4
PVL-related haemolysis
 At 1 year2.43.80.19
 At 3 years6.27.9
 At 5 years7.814.4
Rehospitalisation from heart failure
 At 1 year4.79.3 0.02
 At 3 years9.814.6
 At 5 years9.820.2
Aortic valve reintervention
 At 1 year1.91.10.93
 At 3 years3.83.0
 At 5 years4.89.1
  • PVL, paravalvular leak; SAVR, surgical aortic valve replacement; TAVR, transcatheter aortic valve replacement.