Table 2

Logistic regression modelling of levels of recent violence perpetration and victimisation by ACE count, AUDIT-C and demographic variables for males and females

MaleFemale
Violence perpetrationViolence victimisationViolence perpetrationViolence victimisation
AOR95% CIsP valuesAOR95% CIsP valuesAOR95% CIsP valuesAOR95% CIsP values
ACE count
0Ref<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
12.001.17 to 3.420.0122.161.37 to 3.40<0.0011.540.97 to 2.460.0691.661.04 to 2.650.032
2–34.452.75 to 7.18<0.0013.442.22 to 5.33<0.0014.803.28 to 7.03<0.0015.944.09 to 8.63<0.001
≥46.894.00 to 11.87<0.0015.613.41 to 9.25<0.0019.556.62 to 13.79<0.0019.886.83 to 14.30<0.001
AUDIT-C ≥5
Yes2.801.81 to 4.34<0.0012.721.86 to 3.97<0.0011.791.34 to 2.38<0.0011.801.36 to 2.38<0.001
Age group
18–29Ref<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
30–390.380.28 to 0.51<0.0010.380.28 to 0.50<0.0010.780.55 to 1.110.1850.650.46 to 0.910.011
40–490.210.15 to 0.31<0.0010.270.20 to 0.37<0.0010.630.44 to 0.900.0120.470.33 to 0.67<0.001
50–590.150.10 to 0.24<0.0010.140.09 to 0.21<0.0010.290.17 to 0.49<0.0010.350.22 to 0.55<0.001
60–690.070.04 to 0.13<0.0010.080.05 to 0.13<0.0010.300.17 to 0.53<0.0010.100.04 to 0.22<0.001
Deprivation
1 (least)Ref0.4390.9300.7800.161
21.310.90 to 1.930.1641.070.75 to 1.530.7071.210.77 to 1.900.4121.661.05 to 2.650.031
31.020.68 to 1.510.9371.120.78 to 1.590.5451.200.76 to 1.900.4361.350.83 to 2.190.227
41.250.86 to 1.830.2461.170.83 to 1.660.3691.320.86 to 2.050.2071.560.99 to 2.470.057
5 (most)1.300.89 to 1.900.1751.090.77 to 1.550.6241.120.73 to 1.720.6101.711.08 to 2.720.022
Ethnicity
WhiteRef0.5490.2880.8570.828
Asian1.170.76 to 1.810.4690.700.45 to 1.090.1171.150.69 to 1.910.6051.080.64 to 1.840.773
Other0.800.45 to 1.430.4560.920.55 to 1.530.7481.080.60 to 1.970.7931.180.68 to 2.050.568
Study sample
EnglandRef<0.001<0.0010.9050.262
Wales1.330.97 to 1.840.0791.371.02 to 1.830.0361.090.72 to 1.640.6971.050.71 to 1.560.812
South England0.760.56 to 1.030.0780.670.50 to 0.890.0050.930.67 to 1.310.6890.850.61 to 1.170.318
North England1.511.02 to 2.240.0411.531.06 to 2.190.0221.020.64 to 1.620.9390.670.42 to 1.080.101
ACE count*AUDIT-C ≥50.0240.0020.7320.187
ACE count*age0.4440.9430.4310.524
AUDIT-C ≥5*age0.7300.4000.8410.582
  • Recent, last 12 months. The p values in Ref rows and for interactive variable refer to overall contribution on model term. Other p values compare individual categories with reference category. Only overall significance levels are shown for interactive variables with individual category effects visualised in figure 1.

  • ACE, adverse childhood experiences; AOR, adjusted OR; AUDIT-C, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption.