Table 1

Relationships between levels of violence perpetration and victimisation in the last 12 months and ACE count, AUDIT-C and demographic variables

VariableCategoryInvolvement in violence in last 12 months
Male (% positive)Female (% positive)
n%*PerpetratorVictimn%*PerpetratorVictim
All5702100.06.47.66967100.03.33.5
ACE count0318055.82.83.8389355.91.31.2
1114920.24.96.4136919.62.12.2
2–388515.59.910.4102314.76.37.4
≥44888.627.029.56829.813.013.3
X2 trend 350.203320.528286.685309.737
P values<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
AUDIT-C≤4358462.93.44.2559880.42.62.7
Score≥5211837.111.613.2136919.66.46.9
X2 148.710151.99349.09857.055
P<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Age group18–29139024.415.818.1149121.45.76.8
30–39102217.96.87.8154622.23.94.0
40–49109819.33.65.3146521.03.63.3
50–59100917.72.52.7115516.61.52.2
60–69118320.70.90.3131018.81.10.5
X2 304.668328.94860.29592.508
P values<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Deprivation1 (least)131223.05.16.3151621.82.62.2
2107218.86.36.8130818.83.33.7
3109019.15.57.3130418.73.13.1
4106118.66.67.8136619.63.83.9
5 (most)116720.58.79.6147321.13.84.7
X2 trend 11.0369.7944.11411.984
<0.0010.0020.043<0.001
EthnicityWhite472382.86.78.1587384.34.93.6
Asian68512.04.74.174810.73.62.4
Other2945.25.47.13465.04.54.6
X2 4.72513.7791.7114.040
P values0.0940.0010.4250.133
StudyEngland173430.45.76.9212230.53.33.8
Sample†Wales99117.411.713.9100614.44.14.6
South England242742.64.24.7299943.02.93.0
North England5509.79.110.984012.13.83.3
X2 74.18796.6013.8146.640
P<0.001<0.0010.2820.084
  • *Percentage of total sample within each category.

  • †See online supplementary table S2 for more details.

  • ACE, adverse childhood experiences; AUDIT-C, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption.