Table 3

MMAT synthesis table

Type of studyMethodological quality criteriaRandomised Controlled TrialQuantitative descriptive
Gupta et al 26 Orme et al 25 Banerjee et al 20 Campo et al 24 Peláez Cantero et al 11 Doré-Bergeron et al 9 Gauthier et al 7 Glackin et al 4 Goldman et al 21 Gomez et al 22 Hodgson et al 12 Le et al 23 Madigan and Banerjee10 Maraqa et al 5 Reid and Bonadio8 Shemesh et al 27 Van der Laag and Van de Weg28 Van Winkle et al 13 Wiernikowski et al 6
Screening questionsAre there clear research question(s)?YYYYYYYNYYYYYYYYNYY
Do the data address the research question?YYYYYYUCUCYUCUCYYYYUCUCUC
RCTIs there a clear description of randomisation?YY
Is there a clear description of concealment?NN
Are there complete outcome data?UCY
Is there low withdrawal?YY
Quant. Descript.Is the sampling strategy relevant?YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Is the sample representative?YYYYYYYYYYYYYYNYUC
Are measurements appropriate?UCYYYYUCYUCYYYYUCYUCUCUC
Is there an acceptable response rate?NYYYYUCUCUCYYYYYYUCYUC
  • MMAT, Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool; N, no; Y, yes; UC, unclear.