Table 1

Relationship between demographic characteristics and QOL (n=732)

VariableParticipants,
n (%)
EQ-5D index scoreF/t
Age†
 60–69289 (39.5)0.95±0.108.149**
 70–79345 (47.1)0.92±0.12
 ≥8098 (13.4)0.90±0.15
Gender‡
 Male357 (48.8)0.93±0.120.301
 Female375 (51.2)0.93±0.12
Residence‡
 Rural241 (32.9)0.92±0.12–2.333*
 Urban491 (67.1)0.94±0.12
Living arrangement‡
 Empty nester341 (46.6)0.92±0.132.221*
 Non-empty nester391 (53.4)0.94±0.11
Marital status†
 Single18 (2.4)0.97±0.102.304
 Married688 (94.0)0.93±0.12
 Divorced/widowed26 (3.6)0.89±0.14
Monthly income†
 <2000367 (50.1)0.90±0.1421.722**
 2000–3000194 (26.5)0.95±0.08
 >3000171 (23.4)0.97±0.09
Education†
 Primary school or below323 (44.1)0.92±0.133.236*
 Junior high school294 (40.2)0.95±0.10
 Senior high school89 (12.2)0.94±0.11
 College and above26 (3.5)0.92±0.12
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01.

  • †t-test.

  • ‡ F-test.

  • QOL, quality of life.