Table 2

Relationship between health-related characteristics and QOL (n=732)

VariableParticipants,
n (%)
EQ-5D index scoreF/t
Chronic disease†
 Yes559 (76.4)0.87±0.15–7.158**
 No173 (23.6)0.95±0.10
Smoking status†
 Yes220 (30.1)0.92±0.13–1.984*
 No512 (69.9)0.94±0.11
Physical activity†
 No633 (86.5)0.93±0.12–2.631**
 Yes99 (13.5)0.95±0.09
Health services‡
 Very dissatisfied20 (12.7)0.83±0.2129.230**
 Dissatisfied53 (22.3)0.86±0.14
 Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied223 (15.5)0.89±0.13
 Satisfied353 (38.2)0.96±0.08
 Very satisfied83 (11.3)0.97±0.09
  • *p<0.05.

  • **p<0.01.

  • †t-test.

  • ‡F-test.

  • QOL, quality of life.