Table 5

Hierarchical linear regression analyses of the factors associated with QOL (n=732)

FactorBlock 1 (β)Block 2 (β)Block 3 (β)
Age†
 70–79−0.081*−0.074*−0.079*
 ≥80−0.077−0.043−0.050
Income‡
 2000–30000.157*0.094*0.097*
 >30000.205*0.108*0.103*
Gender: female0.009−0.048−0.045
Education§
 Junior high school0.083*0.0370.034
 Senior high school0.0520.0270.031
 College and above−0.012−0.028−0.031
Residence: urban0.0610.0210.002
Living arrangement: empty nester−0.086*−0.061−0.030
Marital status¶
 Married−0.079−0.064−0.057
 Divorced/widowed−0.109*−0.066−0.054
Chronic disease: yes−0.239*−0.234*
Health service satisfaction††
 Dissatisfied0.0880.086
 Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied0.225*0.196*
 Satisfied0.524*0.453*
 Very satisfied0.307*0.258*
Smoking: yes−0.116*−0.110*
Physical activity: yes0.078*0.078*
Loneliness‡‡
 Moderate−0.190*
 Moderately high−0.260*
F6.00712.87415.246
R2 0.0910.2560.308
△R2 0.0910.1650.052
  • *p<0.05.

  • †Reference group=60–69.

  • ‡Reference group=<2000.

  • §Reference group=primary school or below.

  • ¶Reference group=single.

  • †Reference group=very dissatisfied.

  • ‡‡Reference group=low.

  • β, standardised regression coefficient; QOL, quality of life.