Table 2

Level 0: Prevalence of diabetes risk factors (Health Survey (NHS) and CAMB data), and proportions and OR estimates for diabetes risk score (Health Profile data) and HbA1c level (CAMB data). Stratified by demographic and socioeconomic factors

Diabetes risk factorsObesity
(% obese)
Physical activity
(% inactive)
Smoking
(% smokers)
Risk score
(high risk)
HbA1c level
(42–47 mmol/mol)
Demographic and socioeconomic factorsNHSCAMBNHSCAMBNHSCAMB%OR (95% CI)%OR (95% CI)
Overall10.214.914.730.227.723.212.76.6
Sex
 Female10.013.515.429.224.622.7–*–*3.7Ref
 Male10.315.513.930.630.923.4–*–*7.91.75 (1.28 to 2.40)
Age (years)
 HP: 25–44/CAMB: 49–546.414.810.230.026.724.9–*–*3.8Ref
 HP: 45–64/CAMB: 55–6316.914.917.730.333.122.0–*–*8.61.93 (1.47 to 2.54)
 HP: ≥6516.7–†33.0–†21.9–†–*–*–†–†
Education
 Low14.718.420.632.634.329.820.22.50 (2.14 to 2.92)8.52.20 (1.55 to 3.13)
 Medium9.013.310.329.025.619.510.01.57 (1.33 to 1.86)5.21.35 (0.92 to 1.98)
 High4.58.56.225.817.712.75.6ref4.2Ref
Employment
 Employed7.514.09.428.626.521.56.1Ref6.3Ref
 Not employed18.221.730.144.430.838.333.05.36 (4.79 to 6.01)9.41.35 (0.98 to 1.88)
Ethnicity
 Western9.7–†11.9–†28.0–†12.8Ref–†–†
 Non-western13.6–†34.6–†25.5–†11.70.85 (0.66 to 1.08)–†–†
Cohabitation
 Living with others8.714.312.729.024.320.810.5Ref6.3Ref
 Living alone12.417.717.036.433.036.416.30.96 (0.85 to 1.07)8.81.40 (1.06 to 1.84)
Children
 Children living at home8.2–†12.8–†23.1–†3.5Ref–†–†
 No children living at home10.4–†14.6–†28.8–†14.63.25 (2.62 to 4.02)–†–†
  • *Sex and age are included in the calculation of diabetes risk score. The distribution of high risk score on these factors is therefore not calculated.

  • †Variable not available in CAMB data.

  • CAMB, Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank; HP, Health Profile; NHS, National Health Survey.