Table 1

Discourse types

Discourse typeDefinitionExample
Online commentaryDescription or evaluation of real-time observations42 ‘His oxygen-saturation isn’t getting any better’
MetacommentaryImplicit message framing the activity type, orienting to next action or a plan43 ‘I think we should intubate’
Offline commentaryClarification and explanation, building evidence44 ‘A CT-scan can tell us if there are significant signs of brain anoxia’