Table 1

Recruitment stages

Recruitment stages
First stageSecond stage
Osteopaths will identify adult patients with persistent non-malignant pain as well as one or more of the following: depression, anxiety, fear avoidance and/or catastrophising (based on medical history/self-declared).
Osteopaths will apply the inclusion criteria: patients who are able to read, write, speak and comprehend English; patients able and willing to commit to six consecutive weekly sessions, to be interviewed about taking part and to fill in questionnaires at four time points.
Osteopaths will also apply the exclusion criteria: patients with malignant pain (medical history); patients who experience severe mental health issues or addiction problems (medical history/self-declared); patients who are currently undergoing psychological treatment (self-declared/medical history).
The main investigator will ask patients some questions about their current state of health (in order to find out more about potential physical limitations that might interfere with participation.
The main investigator will reiterate the nature of the intervention (there will a total of six sessions delivered in a group, complemented by homework and a one to one interview approximately 2 weeks after the last session). The patients will be able to ask whatever questions they might have regarding the intervention.