Table 2

Results of multiple logistic regression: effects of individual and area factors on worse general practitioner accessibility (>20 min)

 
 
Model I (n=19638)Model II* (n=17101)Model III (n=14770)
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
Sex [female]1.020.96 to 1.09 1.08 1.05 to 1.151.010.94 to 1.08
Age [ref=young (age<40 years)]      
 Middle (40–64 years)1.081.00 to 1.171.050.96 to 1.141.070.98 to 1.17
 Old (age>64 years) 1.13 1.02 to 1.251.060.95 to 1.171.110.99 to 1.24
Area deprivation GIMD 2010 [ref=Q1, least deprived]   
 Q2 1.38 1.26 to 1.53 1.32 1.19 to 1.46 1.41 1.27 to 1.56
 Q3 1.45 1.31 to 1.61 1.31 1.18 to 1.46 1.49 1.34 to 1.66
 Q4 1.34 1.20 to 1.49 1.22 1.09 to 1.37 1.21 1.07 to 1.36
 Q5 (most deprived) 1.43 1.29 to 1.59 1.60 1.42 to 1.80 1.45 1.29 to 1.62
Settlement structure [ref=1 city]     
 2 urban district 1.88 1.71 to 2.07 2.11 1.91 to 2.34–†–†
 3 rural district with population concentration 2.40 2.18 to 2.65 2.44 2.21 to 2.70 1.281.19 to 1.39†
 4 rural district 3.06 2.76 to 3.40 3.14 2.81 to 3.52 1.631.48 to 1.79†
Children in household [yes] 0.91 0.84 to 0.99 0.76 0.70 to 0.83 0.91 0.84 to 0.99
German [no] 0.67 0.57 to 0.78 0.78 0.68 to 0.89 0.59 0.49 to 0.71
Equivalent household disposable income [ref=Q1 high; >€32 564]
 Q2 (>€24 031–32 564)1.010.91 to 1.11 1.18 1.05 to 1.331.050.94 to 1.18
 Q3 (>€18 552–24 031)1.000.90 to 1.111.030.91 to 1.161.060.94 to 1.19
 Q4 (>€13 829–18 552) 0.87 0.78 to 0.970.910.80 to 1.030.930.82 to 1.06
 Q5 (low; ≤€13 829) 0.87 0.78 to 0.980.930.82 to 1.060.900.80 to 1.03
Education [ref=less than high school]      
 High school1.090.99 to 1.20 1.11 1.01 to 1.231.080.97 to 1.20
 More than high school0.990.88 to 1.121.070.94 to 1.210.980.86 to 1.12
Health status [ref=very good]      
 Good 1.14 1.01 to 1.301.151.00 to 1.33 1.20 1.04 to 1.39
 Satisfactory 1.31 1.14 to 1.50 1.34 1.14 to 1.56 1.37 1.17 to 1.61
 Poor 1.50 1.28 to 1.76 1.59 1.33 to 1.89 1.62 1.35 to 1.95
 Bad 1.60 1.29 to 2.00 1.61 1.27 to 2.03 1.64 1.28 to 2.10
Number of morbidities 1.04 1.00 to 1.08 1.05 1.01 to 1.091.020.98 to 1.06
Concerns about own health [ref=not concerned at all] 
 Somewhat concerned0.960.88 to 1.040.920.84 to 1.010.970.89 to 1.07
 Very concerned0.900.81 to 1.021.000.88 to 1.130.910.80 to 1.04
Type of health insurance [private health insurance]0.970.88 to 1.080.970.86 to 1.090.990.88 to 1.10
Max re-scaled R2 (percentage)5.926.893.69
  • Models I to III are full models.

  • Missing values in total: education (n=856), health status (n=42), concerns about own health (n=66) and type of health insurance (n=35).

  • *Weighting factor was used: calculation with normalised weights.

  • †Reference=2 urban district, sensitivity analysis without big major cities.

  • OR in bold, statistically significant at the 5% level;

  • [], category tested in a dichotomous variable; [ref=], reference category for more than two characteristics; GIMD, German Index of Multiple Deprivation; Q, quintile.