Table 3

Relative risk (RR) of recovery from spinal pain in adult offspring associated with parental spinal pain; analysis stratified by leisure time physical activity

Parental spinal painPhysically activePhysically inactive
No of personsNo of casesAdjusted
RR* (95% CI)
No of personsNo of casesAdjusted
RR* (95% CI)
None229971.00 (ref.)111401.00 (ref.)
Mother or father4341630.94 (0.77 to 1.14)246740.82 (0.60 to 1.11)
Both parents3141000.78 (0.62 to 0.98)166580.98 (0.71 to 1.35)
  • *Adjusted for age, sex, BMI, smoking, education and HADS score.

  • BMI, body mass index; HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.