Table 1

Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the sample population

Total group
Mean±SD
Range
n=1647
Men
Mean±SD
Range
n=432
Women
Mean±SD
Range
n=1215
P values
Men versus women
Age, years43.24±19.89
(18-96)
44.09±21.36
(18 -96)
42.94±19.34
(18-94)
0.30*
Weight (kg)68.71±12.40
(45-121)
76.88±11.73
(47-115)
65.80±11.29
(45-121)
0.001*
Height (m)1.66±0.08
(1.40–1.93)
1.75±0.06
(1.50–1.91)
1.63±0.06
(1.40–1.93)
0.001*
BMI (kg/m2)24.76±3.77
(18.04–40.00)
24.87±3.53
(18.10–35.90)
24.72±4.85
(18.04–40.0)
0.48*
Keratosis550 of 1647 (33.3%)182 of 432 (42.1%)368 of 1215 (30.3%)0.001**
Metatarsalgia91 of 1647 (5.5%)33 of 432 (7.6%)61 of 1215 (5.0%)0.001**
Hallux valgus492 of 1647 (29.8%)330 of 1215 (27.2%)162 of 432 (37.5%)0.001**
Toe deformities52 of 1647 (3.15%)14 of 432 (3.2%)38 of 1215 (3.1%)0.001**
Flat feet188 of 1647 (30.9%)0 of 432 (0%)188 of 1215 (15.5%)0.001**
Cavus foot30 of 1647 (1.82%)0 of 432 (0.0%)30 of 1215 (2.5%)0.001**
Onychocryptosis63 of 1647 (3.8%)0 of 432 (0.0%)63 of 1215 (5.2%)0.001**
Heel pain88 of 1647 (5.3%)16 of 432 (3.7%)72 of 1215 (5.9%)0.001**
Morton’s neuroma35 of 1647 (2.12%)four of 432 (0.9%)31 of 1215 (2.6%)0.001**
Tinea pedis55 of 1647 (3.33%)21 of 432 (4.9%)34 of 1215 (2.8%)0.001**
  • In all the analyses, p<0.01 (99% CI) was considered statistically significant.

  • *Independent Student’s t-test was used.

  • **χ2 test was used.

  • BMI, body mass index.