Table 7

Evidence for anxiety

ComparatorQualityPopulation sizeComplementary medicineSafetyCost-effectiveness
Active interventionModerateMediumMeditation138*†Some evidence of safety125 137 138 NR
ModerateMediumYoga136No data135 NR
PlaceboModerateMediumMeditation138*†Some evidence of safety125 137 138 NR
Usual careModerateMediumMeditation138*†Some evidence of safety125 137 138 NR
ModerateMediumMBSR124Some evidence of safety125 137 138 NR
  • *Moving meditation (tai chi, qi gong or yoga) was more effective than static meditation.

  • †Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)/meditation was also effective for anxiety (as an outcome) in a musculoskeletal population.124 125

  • ‡For women with breast cancer only.

  • NR, not reported (by systematic reviews).