Table 6

Evidence for depression

ComparatorQualityPopulation sizeComplementary medicineSafetyCost-effectiveness
Active interventionModerateMediumMeditation125*Some evidence of safety§ 125 No data124
Usual careModerateMediumMBSR (mindfulness-based stress reduction)124*Some evidence of safety§ 125 No data124
ModerateMediumTai chi134†‡No data134 No data134
  • *Also some evidence of effectiveness for both in musculoskeletal (MSK) populations.124 125

  • †Older adults only.

  • ‡May be less effective in comorbid populations (including some MSK conditions).132

  • §Nine trials found no adverse events.