Table 4

Frequency of themes in women with cardiac disease in pregnancy identified in the literature

PublicationWomen’s autonomy and control (theme 1)Self-care and risk awareness in pregnancy
(theme 2)
Social support for decision-making
(theme 3)
Healthcare experiences (theme 4)
Taking charge of decision-making
(Subthemes 1)
Lack of control
(Subthemes 2)
Emotional uncertainty of decision-making
(Subthemes 3)
Helplessness, fear and vulnerability
(Subthemes 4)
Health information needs
(Subthemes 5)
Responsive care
(Subthemes 6)
Listening to women
(Subthemes 7)
Congenital heart disease
 Andersen et al,18 2008
 Claessens et al,19 2005
 Gantt,20 2002
 Gantt,21 1992
 Ngu et al,24 2014
 Ngu et al,25 2014
Other acquired heart disease
 Dekker et al,22 2016
 Hess et al,26 2010
 Hess et al,27 2012
 Patel, Berg et al,28 2016
 Patel, Schaufelberge et al,23 2016