Table 5

Sociodemographic risk factors for HIV/STI by transmission group

Transmission
group
HIV/STI
APR (95% CI)*P values
FSWHIVAge≤301
>301.86 (1.30 to 2.65)0.001
EducationSuperior1
Illiterate or incomplete primary school1.57 (1.08 to 2.28)0.019
SyphilisAge≤301
>301.86 (1.46 to 2.37)<0.0001
ChlamydiaEducationSuperior1
Illiterate or incomplete primary school1.27 (1.05 to 1.55)0.016
Country of birthOther Central American country1
Guatemala born1.51 (1.20 to 1.90)<0.0001
TrichomonasCountry of birthOther Central American country1
Guatemala born1.38 (1.16 to 1.63)<0.0001
MSMSyphilisHaving a regular partnerYes1
No3.90 (1.28 to 11.76)0.016
HRHGonorrhoeaHaving a regular partnerYes1
No1.64 (1.07 to 2.50)0.022
  • *Adjusted prevalence ratio (APR) test with 95% CI using a Poisson binomial model with year as an ordered categorical variable and adjusted for sociodemographic variables with a p value < 0.2 in the univariate test, (age, sex, STI clinic origin, having aregular partner, country of birth, education and marital status).

  • FSW, female sex workers; HRH, high-risk heterosexuals; MSM, men who has sex with men; STI, sexually transmitted infections