Table 2

Multivariable adjusted relations of serum Mg and MetS in patients with OA (n=962)

Quintiles of serum MgP for trend
Q1 (lowest)Q2Q3Q4Q5 (highest)
Median Mg concentration (mmol/L)0.820.870.910.940.99
Participants (n)200215190168189
MetS (%)26.517.725.819.617.5
Model 1*1.00 (reference)0.61 (0.38 to 0.97)0.97 (0.61 to 1.52)0.69 (0.42 to 1.14)0.59 (0.36 to 0.96)0.090
P values0.0380.8810.1500.035
Model 2*1.00 (reference)0.60 (0.37 to 0.96)1.00 (0.63 to 1.57)0.70 (0.42 to 1.15)0.61 (0.37 to 0.99)0.120
P values0.0350.9850.1600.047
Model 3*1.00 (reference)0.59 (0.36 to 0.94)0.95 (0.60 to 1.51)0.67 (0.40 to 1.10)0.56 (0.34 to 0.93)0.067
P values0.0270.8300.1140.024
  • Data are adjusted OR (95% CI), unless otherwise indicated.

  • *Model 1 was adjusted for age (continuous data) and gender (male, female); model 2 was adjusted for age (continuous data), gender (male, female), educational level (high school or above, lower than high school), smoking status (yes, no), activity level (continuous data) and alcohol drinking status (yes, no); model 3 was adjusted based on model 2, with additional factor of estimated glomerular filtration rate (continuous data).

  • MetS, metabolic syndrome; Mg, magnesium; n, number; OA, osteoarthritis.