Table 3

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria
Studies will be included if they explicitly meet the following criteria:The following exclusion criteria will be applied:
  1. Use of at least one visualisation and/or modelling technique (with or without covariates) for assessing malaria burden in space and time.

  2. Published between 1 January 1968 and 31 December 2018. Our selection of 1968 is guided by the year that the first global audit of malaria endemicity was undertaken.

  1. Studies that focus on other diseases other than malaria.

  2. Studies based on qualitative expert reviews.