Table 1

Sample distribution of baseline characteristics, including height and weight, stratified by gender

Baseline characteristicsSample distributionHeight (cm)Weight (kg)
Men
(n=10 915)
Women
(n=13 200)
MenWomenMenWomen
n (%)n (%)Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)
Age (in years)
 18–241881 (17.2)2300 (17.4)162.7 (162.4 to 163.0)149.5 (149.2 to 149.7)49.5 (49.2 to 49.9)41.9 (41.6 to 42.2)
 25–353072 (28.1)4487 (34.0)161.8 (161.6 to 162.1)149.5 (149.3 to 149.7)50.7 (50.4 to 51.0)43.7 (43.5 to 44.0)
 36–493526 (32.3)3948 (29.9)161.3 (161.1 to 161.5)149.0 (148.8 to 149.1)50.6 (50.3 to 50.9)43.9 (43.6 to 44.2)
 50+2436 (22.3)2465 (18.7)160.3 (160.0 to 160.5)147.0 (146.8 to 147.3)48.8 (48.5 to 49.2)41.4 (41.0 to 41.7)
Marital status
 Never married1894 (17.4)258 (2.0)163.1 (162.8 to 163.4)149.0 (148.1 to 150.0)50.4 (50.0 to 50.8)42.9 (41.7 to 44.1)
 Married8728 (80.0)11 265 (85.3)161.2 (161.1 to 161.4)149.1 (149.0 to 149.2)50.1 (49.9 to 50.3)43.3 (43.1 to 43.5)
Widow/widower/divorced/
separated
293 (2.7)1677 (12.7)157.9 (156.9 to 158.9)147.0 (146.8 to 147.3)45.6 (44.6 to 46.7)41.0 (40.6 to 41.4)
Highest grade of education attained
 Illiterate3355 (30.7)6610 (50.1)159.2 (159.0 to 159.4)147.8 (147.7 to 147.9)46.6 (46.4 to 46.9)40.9 (40.7 to 41.1)
 Grade 1–52143 (19.6)2745 (20.8)160.6 (160.4 to 160.9)148.9 (148.7 to 149.1)48.5 (48.2 to 48.8)43.0 (42.7 to 43.3)
 Grade 6–103678 (33.7)3350 (25.4)162.5 (162.3 to 162.7)150.5 (150.3 to 150.7)51.3 (51.0 to 51.6)46.1 (45.8 to 46.4)
 Grade 11+1739 (15.9)495 (3.8)164.5 (164.2 to 164.8)151.8 (151.3 to 152.2)55.8 (55.3 to 56.3)50.0 (49.2 to 50.9)
Employment
 Unemployed2023 (18.5)11 245 (85.2)161.9 (161.6 to 162.2)149.0 (148.9 to 149.1)49.7 (49.3 to 50.1)43.3 (43.2 to 43.5)
 Primary6177 (56.6)1513 (11.5)160.8 (160.7 to 161.0)148.0 (147.7 to 148.3)48.5 (48.4 to 48.7)39.6 (39.3 to 39.9)
 Secondary2026 (18.6)220 (1.7)162.3 (162.0 to 162.5)148.2 (147.4 to 148.9)52.3 (51.8 to 52.7)43.9 (42.7 to 45.1)
 Tertiary689 (6.3)222 (1.7)163.3 (162.8 to 163.8)150.2 (149.5 to 151.0)57.8 (57.1 to 58.6)47.8 (46.6 to 49.0)
Social group
 Scheduled caste3734 (34.2)4479 (33.9)159.6 (159.4 to 159.8)147.8 (147.6 to 147.9)47.5 (47.3 to 47.8)40.7 (40.4 to 40.9)
 Scheduled tribe936 (8.6)1166 (8.8)159.4 (159.0 to 159.8)147.9 (147.5 to 148.2)47.8 (47.3 to 48.2)40.3 (39.9 to 40.6)
 Other backward classes832 (7.6)908 (6.9)162.5 (162.1 to 162.9)149.0 (148.6 to 149.3)49.9 (49.3 to 50.5)43.1 (42.5 to 43.7)
 Other5413 (49.6)6647 (50.4)162.9 (162.8 to 163.1)149.8 (149.6 to 149.9)52.2 (51.9 to 52.4)45.0 (44.8 to 45.3)
Religion
 Hindu8046 (73.7)9469 (71.7)161.2 (161.0 to 161.3)148.5 (148.4 to 148.7)49.7 (49.5 to 49.9)42.3 (42.2 to 42.5)
 Muslim or other2869 (26.3)3731 (28.3)162.2 (162.0 to 162.5)149.7 (149.5 to 149.9)51.0 (50.7 to 51.3)44.7 (44.4 to 45.0)
Wealth quintile
 Poorest2278 (20.9)2821 (21.4)159.8 (159.5 to 160.0)148.0 (147.8 to 148.2)46.8 (46.5 to 47.1)39.8 (39.5 to 40.1)
 Poorer1815 (16.6)2248 (17.0)160.2 (159.9 to 160.5)148.3 (148.0 to 148.5)47.5 (47.2 to 47.8)40.7 (40.4 to 41.0)
 Middle1929 (17.7)2486 (18.8)160.4 (160.1 to 160.7)148.4 (148.2 to 148.6)48.0 (47.6 to 48.3)41.5 (41.2 to 41.8)
 Richer2280 (20.9)2722 (20.6)162.1 (161.8 to 162.3)149.2 (148.9 to 149.4)50.5 (50.1 to 50.8)43.5 (43.2 to 43.8)
 Richest2613 (23.9)2923 (22.1)164.0 (163.7 to 164.2)150.3 (150.1 to 150.5)55.8 (55.4 to 56.2)48.6 (48.3 to 49.0)
Block of residence
 Mohammad Bazar2546 (23.3)3806 (28.8)161.3 (161.1 to 161.6)149.0 (148.8 to 149.2)49.8 (49.5 to 50.2)42.9 (42.6 to 43.2)
 Rajnagar1537 (14.1)1763 (13.4)160.8 (160.5 to 161.1)148.2 (147.9 to 148.5)48.9 (48.5 to 49.4)41.3 (40.9 to 41.7)
 Sainthia4397 (40.3)4704 (35.6)161.7 (161.5 to 161.8)149.0 (148.8 to 149.1)49.5 (49.2 to 49.7)42.5 (42.2 to 42.7)
 Suri I2435 (22.3)2927 (22.2)161.6 (161.4 to 161.9)148.9 (148.7 to 149.1)52.0 (51.6 to 52.4)45.0 (44.7 to 45.3)
Alcohol use
 No9508 (87.1)12 913 (97.8)161.8 (161.7 to 162.0)148.9 (148.8 to 149.0)50.5 (50.3 to 50.7)43.1 (42.9 to 43.2)
 Yes1407 (12.9)287 (2.2)158.8 (158.5 to 159.2)147.2 (146.4 to 147.9)46.8 (46.4 to 47.1)38.7 (37.9 to 39.5)
Smokeless tobacco use
 No8125 (74.4)10 924 (82.8)161.8 (161.6 to 161.9)149.0 (148.9 to 149.1)50.3 (50.1 to 50.5)43.3 (43.1 to 43.5)
 Yes2790 (25.6)2276 (17.2)160.5 (160.2 to 160.7)148.2 (147.9 to 148.4)49.2 (48.9 to 49.5)41.6 (41.2 to 41.9)
Smoking
 No5917 (54.2)12 928 (97.9)162.0 (161.8 to 162.2)148.9 (148.8 to 149.0)51.2 (51.0 to 51.4)43.1 (43.0 to 43.3)
 Yes4998 (45.8)272 (2.1)160.8 (160.7 to 161.0)146.2 (145.4 to 147.0)48.7 (48.4 to 48.9)37.3 (36.4 to 38.2)
Total161.5 (161.3 to 161.6)148.9 (148.8 to 149.0)50.0 (49.9 to 50.2)43.0 (42.9 to 43.1)
  • Association of height and weight with all baseline characteristics is statistically significant (p<0.001) for both men and women, as estimated from the analysis of variance test.

  • In the column ‘n (%)’, percentage value may not add to 100 due to rounding.