Table 2

Knowledge of kangaroo care*

ItemsCorrect response in ‘experienced in KC’ group (n=411), n (%)Correct response in ‘not experienced in KC’ group (n=450), n (%)P values
Babies appear to be contented in KC378 (91.7)322 (71.6)<0.001
Babies on oxygen therapy experience a decrease in oxygen saturation153 (37.2)99 (22.0)<0.001
Babies on phototherapy can participate in KC248 (60.3)88 (19.6)<0.001
 Babies on vasopressors should NOT engage in KC126 (30.7)174 (38.7)0.174
 Babies typically experience more bradycardic episodes during KC46 (11.2)41 (9.1)0.154
 Babies with peripheral intravenous can participate in KC338 (82.2)318 (70.7)0.516
 KC has been shown to improve breathing patterns in preterm babies by reducing apnoea308 (74.9)257 (57.1)0.062
 KC is contraindicated in babies <28 weeks gestation100 (24.3)132 (29.3)0.714
 KC is contraindicated in babies weighing <1000 g116 (28.2)158 (35.1)0.097
 KC is now considered safe as an alternative approach to care for medically stable, continuing care preterm babies351 (85.4)338 (75.1)0.971
 Most babies experience a decrease in temperature during KC45 (10.9)63 (14.0)0.166
 Published reports of clinical observations indicate that the rate of accidental extubation is higher with KC than with traditional methods of holding170 (41.3)222 (49.3)0.176
 Research has indicated that babies who receive KC increase their mother’s milk supply351 (85.4)371 (82.4)0.072
 Research indicates that KC promotes quiet sleep389 (94.6)406 (90.2)0.559
 Research shows that babies with arterial lines should NOT engage in KC160 (38.9)162 (36.0)0.553
The most physiologically stressful part of KC for the baby is the transfer to the parent’s chest181 (44.0)157 (34.9)0.003
 There is an increased risk of infection in the baby with KC148 (36.0)189 (42.0)0.627
  • *Based on the original literature review from the Kangaroo Care Questionnaire (Engler et al, 1999)17; p<0.05 was considered significant.

  • KC, kangaroo care.