Table 1

Prevalence of diabetes according to baseline characteristics in the study population

Prevalence of diabetes (%)N with diabetes/total
Overall8.4(19 803/236 441)
Age group (years)
 45–544.5(3344/74 969)
 55–647.9(6292/79 571)
 65–7412.0(5947/49 446)
 75–8413.4(3655/27 195)
 85+10.7(565/5260)
Sex
 Males10.3(11 431/111 242)
 Females6.7(8372/125 199)
Education
 No school certificate13.4(3262/24 334)
 Certificate/diploma/trade8.5(12 794/150 411)
 Tertiary5.8(3392/58 768)
Annual household income
 <$20 00014.2(6030/42 578)
 $20 000 to <$40 0009.5(3933/41 566)
 $40 000 to <$70 0006.5(2893/44 232)
 $70 000+4.7(2844/60 811)
Region of residence
 Major cities8.4(8976/106 533)
 Inner regional8.4(6997/83 472)
 More remote8.3(3829/46 385)
Country of birth
 Australia and New Zealand8.0(14 572/182 755)
 Europe/North America9.0(3435/38 145)
 Asia11.9(956/8055)
 Africa/Middle East11.8(469/3964)
 Other10.6(202/1902)
Private health insurance
 No private health insurance11.0(8591/78 156)
 Health insurance7.1(11 212/158 282)
Language other than English at home
 No8.0(17 283/214 860)
 Yes11.7(2520/21 579)
Smoking status
 Never smoker8.2(9724/132 917)
 Past smoker10.0(8578/85 472)
 Current smoker7.3(1432/17 371)
Alcohol consumption, drinks/week
 012.1(8988/74 137)
 1–146.5(8068/124 205)
 15+6.6(2276/34 583)
Body mass index
 Underweight3.9(98/2521)
 Normal weight4.5(3596/80 654)
 Overweight7.8(6799/87 430)
 Obese15.7(7707/49 121)
Medical history: CVD
 No4.7(6942/146 468)
 Yes14.3(12 861/89 973)
Medical history: cancer
 No8.0(15 956/200 107)
 Yes10.6(3847/36 334)
Medical history: anxiety or depression
 No8.2(13 500/165 594)
 Yes9.8(3808/38 929)
PFL based on MOS-PF score*
 No limitation (100)4.4(3278/74 580)
 Minor limitation (75-99)6.8(4270/62 659)
 Moderate limitation (60-74)10.8(5432/50 418)
 Severe limitation (0-59)18.8(4832/25 646)
Needing help with daily task
 No7.7(16 654/216 069)
 Yes20.9(2338/11 173)
  • The percentage of missing data (%): 2928 (1.24%) for education, 3 (<0.01%) for health insurance, 47 254 (20%) for income, 51 (0.02%) for area of residence, 1620 (0.69%) for country of birth, 2 (<0.01%) for language other than English at home, 681 (0.29%) for smoking status, 3516 (1.49%) for alcohol consumption, 16 715 (7.07%) for body mass index, 1987 (10.03%) of diabetes duration, 31 918 (13.5%) for anxiety and depression, 23 138 (9.79%) for MOS-PF and 9199 (3.89) need help with daily task.

  • *MOS-PF, Physical Functioning subscale of the Medical Outcomes Study; PFL, physical functional limitation.