Table 1

Participants’ descriptive characteristics

Descriptive characteristicsExperienced in KC
(n=411), n (%)
Not experienced in KC
(n=450), n (%)
Gender
 Male4 (1.0)1 (0.2)
 Female407 (99.0)449 (99.8)
Age (years)
 18–2591 (22.1)81 (18.0)
 26–30149 (36.3)158 (35.1)
 31–40124 (30.2)151 (33.6)
 41–5039 (9.4)46 (10.2)
 51–608 (2.0)14 (3.1)
Highest education level
 Associate’s degree147 (35.8)169 (37.6)
 Bachelor’s degree251 (61.1)256 (56.9)
 Master’s degree5 (1.2)6 (1.3)
 Other*8 (1.9)19 (4.2)
Hospital type
 General hospital169 (41.1)301 (66.9)
 Maternity hospital242 (58.9)149 (33.1)
NICU level
 III136 (33.1)60 (13.3)
 II155 (37.7)276 (61.3)
 I120 (29.2)114 (25.3)
Geography
 Northeastern China68 (16.6)60 (13.3)
 Eastern China80 (19.5)122 (27.1)
 Northern China100 (24.3)39 (8.7)
 Central China33 (8.0)36 (8.0)
 Southern China42 (10.2)80 (17.8)
 Southwestern China16 (3.9)46 (10.2)
 Northwestern China72 (17.5)67 (14.9)
  • *Other: includes doctoral degree (n=2) and postgraduate certificate (n=25).

  • KC, kangaroo care; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit.