Table 3

Distribution of low birthweight babies across maternal socioeconomic and BMI status

VariablesBurkina Faso (13.4%)Ghana (10.2%)Malawi (12.1%)Senegal (15.7%)Uganda (10%)
Age
 <35399 (79.6)108 (79.4)296 (78.7)60 (22.9)24 (15.4)
 35+102 (20.4)28 (20.6)80 (21.3)201 (77.1)132 (84.6)
 P values0.0250.0160.1240.0300.001
Region
 Urban156 (31.1)66 (48.5)53 (14.1)121 (46.4)70 (44.9)
 Rural345 (68.9)70 (51.5)323 (85.9)140 (53.6)86 (55.1)
 P values0.4790.3600.3560.0000.003
Education
 Nil391 (78.0)30 (22.1)59 (15.7)178 (68.2)21 (13.5)
 Primary72 (14.4)27 (19.8)261 (69.4)58 (22.2)75 (48.1)
 Secondary/Higher38 (7.6)79 (58.1)56 (14.9)25 (9.6)60 (38.5)
 P values0.1790.1580.0240.0000.013
Wealth index
 Richest66 (13.2)20 (14.7)55 (14.6)37 (14.2)34 (21.8)
 Richer81 (16.2)18 (13.2)81 (21.5)54 (20.7)15 (9.6)
 Middle119 (23.8)24 (17.6)82 (21.8)59 (22.6)19 (12.2)
 Poorer127 (25.3)34 (25.0)83 (22.1)48 (18.4)34 (21.8)
 Poorest108 (21.6)40 (29.4)75 (19.9)63 (24.1)54 (34.6)
 P values0.1680.0410.1490.2090.027
Parity
 <3233 (46.5)62 (45.6)167 (44.4)113 (43.3)62 (39.8)
 ≥3268 (53.5)74 (54.4)209 (55.6)148 (56.7)94 (60.2)
 P values0.0010.040.0210.2530.385
Antenatal care
 <4300 (59.9)13 (9.6)221 (58.8)69 (26.4)71 (45.5)
 ≥4201 (40.1)123 (90.4)155 (41.2)192 (73.6)85 (54.5)
 P values0.1360.1230.0150.1130.000
Last pregnancy intended
 Yes54 (10.8)35 (25.7)177 (47.1)159 (61.9)77 (49.4)
 No447 (89.2)101 (74.3)199 (52.9)102 (39.1)79 (50.6)
 P values0.2510.1390.1730.000
BMI
 Underweight68 (13.6)49 (36.0)56 (14.9)56 (21.5)30 (19.2)
 Overweight/Obese49 (9.8)7 (5.1)31 (8.2)24 (9.2)11 (7.1)
 Normal weight384 (76.6)80 (58.9)289 (76.9)181 (69.3)115 (73.7)
 P values0.0180.040.0000.0190.116
  • P value from χ2 test.

  • All percentages are in brackets.

  • BMI, body mass index.